Proctology is a special branch of medicine that focuses on treatment for colon, rectal, and anal disorders, such as hemorrhoids. MaoHao “Charlie” Han, MD of Advanced Gastroenterology & Surgery Associates is a board certified general surgeon who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of hemorrhoids and other anal and rectal disorders. He commonly performs hemorrhoid procedures such as infrared coagulation and hemorrhoid banding – both of which can be quickly and easily performed in our offices. Learn more about these hemorrhoid treatments below.
Infra-Red Coagulation (IRC)
Because it is quick and virtually problem-free, IRC is not only the most widely used office treatment for hemorrhoids, it is also preferred over other methods.
During this outpatient procedure, a small probe links to the area above hemorrhoids and exposes the tissue to a brief burst of infrared light, thereby coagulating the veins above hemorrhoids and causing hemorrhoid to shrink and recede. This is generally not painful, although you may feel a brief sensation of heat. IRC does not require anesthesia or sedation.
One of the most effective treatments for internal hemorrhoids is rubber band ligation. It involves inserting a viewing instrument (anoscope) into the anus, grasping hemorrhoids with an instrument, and placing a small rubber band around the tissue above hemorrhoid to cut off its blood supply.
A few days later, the hemorrhoidal tissue and band slough off, and the sore that is left behind eventually heals. Patients who undergo this outpatient procedure may experience a mild discomfort and slight bleeding. Rubber band ligation can be performed in the doctor’s office and does not require anesthesia or sedation.